To save this word, you'll need to log in. In the 1st century A. Known as the Zealots, they fought their most famous battle at the great fortress of Masada, where 1, defenders took their own lives just as the Romans were about to storm the fort. Over the years, zealot came to mean anyone who is passionately devoted to a cause. The adjective zealous may describe someone who's merely dedicated and energetic "a zealous investigator", "zealous about combating inflation", etc. But zealot like its synonym fanatic and zealotry like its synonym fanaticism are used disapprovingly—even while Jews everywhere still honor the memory of those who died at Masada. Examples of zealot in a Sentence zealots on both sides of the issue resorted to name-calling and scare tactics Recent Examples on the Web This, despite the fact that Trump and the religious zealots his White House serves have rolled back rights for LGBT people, imperiled their health, and even endangered their lives.
Sign up, it's free!
Kirsten Powers talks to the author of ' Zealot ' about the double standard. I was sure the owner committed the cardinal sin of improperly storing his wine, and I smote him with all the fervor of a zealot. The more confident right-wing Republicans become, the more likely they will nominate a Palin-like zealot in Zada's character and her career had rendered her as contemptuous of public disapproval as any zealot of a loftier cause than love. The zealot was even threatened with excommunication by his fellow religionists. Into this morass Wolffert flung himself with the earnestness of a zealot. Lanfranc, sprung from Imperialist Pavia, was no zealot for extravagant papal claims. This windfall of words will make you rich with knowledge.
Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes
Zealot , member of a Jewish sect noted for its uncompromising opposition to pagan Rome and the polytheism it professed. The Zealots were an aggressive political party whose concern for the national and religious life of the Jewish people led them to despise even Jews who sought peace and conciliation with the Roman authorities. A census of Galilee ordered by Rome in ad 6 spurred the Zealots to rally the populace to noncompliance on the grounds that agreement was an implicit acknowledgment by Jews of the right of pagans to rule their nation. They frequented public places with hidden daggers to strike down persons friendly to Rome. In the first revolt against Rome ad 66—70 the Zealots played a leading role, and at Masada in 73 they committed suicide rather than surrender the fortress, but they were still a force to be reckoned with in the first part of the following century. A few scholars see a possible relationship between the Zealots and the Jewish religious community mentioned in the Dead Sea Scrolls. See also Masada.
The Zealots were a political movement in 1st-century Second Temple Judaism , which sought to incite the people of Judea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel it from the Holy Land by force of arms, most notably during the First Jewish—Roman War 66— Zealotry was the term used by Josephus for a "fourth sect" or "fourth Jewish philosophy" during this period. Josephus ' Jewish Antiquities  states that there were three main Jewish sects at this time, the Pharisees , the Sadducees , and the Essenes. The Zealots were a "fourth sect", founded by Judas of Galilee also called Judas of Gamala in the year 6 CE against Quirinius' tax reform , shortly after the Roman Empire declared what had most recently been the tetrarchy of Herod Archelaus to be a Roman province , and that they "agree in all other things with the Pharisaic notions; but they have an inviolable attachment to liberty, and say that God is to be their only Ruler and Lord. According to the Jewish Encyclopedia article on Zealots : . Judah of Gaulanitis is regarded as the founder of the Zealots, who are identified as the proponents of the Fourth Philosophy. In the original sources, however, no such identification is anywhere clearly made, and the question is hardly raised of the relationship between the Sicarii, the upholders of the Fourth Philosophy, and the Zealots. Josephus himself in his general survey of the various groups of freedom fighters War —70 enumerates the Sicarii first, whereas he mentions the Zealots last. Simon the Zealot was listed among the apostles selected by Jesus in the Gospel of Luke  and in the Acts of the Apostles. Two of Judas of Galilee's sons, Jacob and Simon, were involved in a revolt and were executed by Tiberius Alexander , the procurator of Iudaea province from 46 to